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In a recent trip to Gettysburg my daughter asked me if any of our ancestors fought on that battlefield. Yikes. And how. I took her and showed her the Virginia Monument and the markers for Imboden's Brigade at First Day's action. I am a bit of a genealogy researcher and have been researching my father's side of the family for years so I can say with relative certainty having seen the muster rolls and other military records, census records, wills and family bibles, that almost 40 men in my father's family fought in the American Civil War on both the Union and Confederate side.

Ultimately most descend from Gilbert DeVer and his wife Elizabeth Peacock. Alternate spellings of the last name are Deaver and DeVier, but DeVer seems to be the most common. My branch of the family spells it with the /i/, but anybody with that name living in Virginia or North Carolina? Is more than likely related to me. For the sake of continuity, I will use the spelling DeVer here. There are way more records than what I list here and on the following pages, however, while the names are very similar,  I have been unable to tie any of them into my family. The name is Scots/Irish and per immigration records there were tons with that last name who came from Ireland and Scotland to this country in the 1840's and 50's. My DuVall ancestors fought too (my father's mother's family), as did the men on my mother's side of the family (Everngham). They are listed as well.

The interesting thing as exemplified by the family affair that was common in the "Stonewall Brigade", is that most enlisted with at least a brother or two and were placed in the same unit and even company. Fathers and uncles enlisted with sons and nephews. Fathers deserted when sons were wounded or captured. Men that enlisted for just one year in 1861 either stayed for the duration of the war to be paroled at Appomattox or were discharged only to re-enlist. One was conscripted in 1864 when the Confederate Army was shrinking on a daily basis and they were taking young boys and old men. Men were wounded and kept fighting - some missing limbs. Some were captured and sat out the war in prison camps. The one thing that I noticed over all looking at the records was that hardly anyone got paid.

VIRGINIA/WEST VIRGINIA BOYS

Gilbert DeVer I
father of
William DeVer
father of
Hugh E. DeVer
father of
William E. DeVer
father of
Allen DeVer, Sr.
father of
Gilbert DeVer I
father of
William DeVer
father of
Hugh E. DeVer
father of
Hugh E. DeVer, Jr.
father of
Hugh E. DeVer, III
father of

Hiram K. DeVer - Private
7th Virginia Cavalry, CSA  
~Company B – Captain J. N. Magruder's Company

~Lt. Colonel Turner Ashby
~Letcher Brock´
s Gap Rifles
~enlisted 4/28/1861 for one year at Harrisonburg, VA
~mustered in at Harper´s Ferry VA
~originated as the 4th VA Regiment of State Troops and by 6/1861 had been renamed the 10th VA Infantry - Winfield's Infantry Company was transferred in late June becoming Company B 7th VA Cav
~Transferred to Company H Under Capt. John C. Shoup on 5/7/1862
~born 8 Jan 1838 in Harrisonburg, Rockingham Co. VA
~Came with his own horse valued at $140.00

~On detached service moving prisoners from Harrisonburg to Staunton 5/16/1862

~Surrendered at Appomattox Court House
4/9/1865

**Hiram was one of the only 34 remaining members of the 7th left to surrender by war's end. The rest had either been discharged for illnesses/wounds, captured or killed.

William Knight DeVer  - Private
33rd Virginia Infantry, CSA
~Captain J. R. Jones
~Company I
~enlisted June 22, 1861 for one year at Harrisonburg, VA
~present through Dec 31, 1861
~re-enlisted 6/1862 at Gordonsville, VA for the war
~born 1824 in Rockingham Cnty. VA
~reported sick 9/23/62
~absent 10/6/1862 through 12/1862
~sent to Harrisonburg 11/1862
~at Camp Winder 2/1863-3/1863
~in General Hospital, Stanton VA 4/30/1863
~doctor's note dated 5/12/1863 - is improving (chronic diarrhea)

Giles H. DeVer  - Private
7th Virginia Cavalry, CSA
~Company B – Captain John Q. Winfield
~Lt. Colonel Turner Ashby
~Letcher Brock´s Gap Rifles
~enlisted 4/28/1861 for one year at Harrisonburg, VA

~mustered in at Harper´s Ferry VA
~originated as the 4th VA Regiment of State Troops and by 6/1861 had been renamed the 10th VA Infantry - Winfield's Infantry Company was transferred in late June becoming Company B 7th VA Cav
~born 24 July 1820 in Harrisonburg, Rockingham Co. VA
~Came with his own horse valued at $175.00
~Discharged 2/6/1863 on Surgeons Certificate - chronic rheumatism
~put on inactive military service as a tax collector for Rockingham County
~applied for a federal pardon in 1865
~Amnesty Oath was issued 7/7/1865

Allen  DeVer Jr.  - Private ****
~member of the 58th Virginia Militia
(pre-war unit)
~Company F
~unit disbanded March 1862 (never reported for service)

7th Virginia Cavalry, CSA
~Company I - Captain E. A. Shands
~Lt. Colonel Turner Ashby
~enlisted 6/24/1861 for one year at Romney VA
~paid $45.84 by the CSA for the hire of his 4 horse team from 12/11/61 - 12/22/61
~born 1825 in Harrisonburg, Rockingham Co. VA
~Captured 6/7/1864 - Rome GA during the Atlanta Campaign
~Military prison 6/17/1864 - Louisville, KY
~Transferred 6/27/1864 - Camp Morton, IN
~Sent to Point Lookout, MD in 2/1865 for exchange
~Admitted General Hospital #9 Richmond 2/28/65 as paroled prisoner
~Sent to Camp Lee 3/1/65
~Admitted General Hospital #9 Richmond - 3/3/65
~Moved to Chimborazo Hospital #2 - 3/5/65 - dysentery
~Furloughed for 30 days - 3/24/65

Allen DeVer, Jr.****
father of

Newton DeVer  - Private
10th Virginia Infantry, CSA
~Company G - Captain Charles Sprinkle, Captain D.H. Lee Martz
~Colonel S.B. Gibbons
~Valley Guards - (Rockingham Co.)
~enlisted while still a teenager
~born 1848 in Beaver Creek, VA

****Allen DeVer, Jr. is my great-great-great grandfather. His grandson was DeWitt Clinton DeVier, my great-grandfather. I own a 1852 Whitney cap and ball 36 caliber Navy Revolver that supposedly belonged to Allen. The gun was made in Massachusetts, standard issue for a cavalry soldier, but not CSA issue  -  odds are he took it off an expired Yankee soldier.


Allen's pistol

David Brainerd DeVer - Sergeant/Lieutenant
1st Virginia Cavalry, CSA
Company I - Harrisonburg Cavalry

~Wickham's Brigade under Fitz Lee
~Colonel W.E. "Grumble" Jones
~enlisted 5/22/1861 for one year at Harrisonburg, VA

~Born August 16, 1838 at the DeVer Plantation, Spring Creek, VA
~Elected 2nd Lieutenant on April 23, 1862

~Broke left hand – May 25,1864 – out on surgeons certificate (fracture of the 1st metacarpal left hand)

~Furloughed - May 28, 1864 for 60 days

~On rolls for issue clothing in December 1864
~with unit when they disbanded at Lynchburg April 11, 1865

Lucius “Luke” Asbury DeVer  - Private
1st Virginia Cavalry, CSA
~
Company I - Harrisonburg Cavalry
~Wickham's Brigade
under Fitz Lee
~Colonel W.E. "Grumble" Jones
~enlisted 4/15/1862 for the war at Harrisonburg, VA

~Born
March 3, 1841 at the DeVer Plantation, Spring Creek, VA
~present on the rolls as of August 1864
~paroled May 6, 1865 at Winchester, VA
~Description given at parole by the Office of the Provost Marshall General, Army of The Potomac: 24 years of age, 6 feet tall, fair complexion, light hair, blue eyes

            
Lucius Asbury DeVer

John Henry DeVer -  Private
1st Virginia Cavalry, CSA
~Company I - Harrisonburg Cavalry

~Wickham's Brigade
under Fitz Lee
~Colonel W.E. "Grumble" Jones

– enlisted 5/22/1861for one year at Harrisonburg, VA
~born May 2, 1840 at the DeVer Plantation, Spring Creek, VA
~Sick January 25, 1862, furlough granted for 10 days
~present through August 1864 NFR

Francis W. DeVer - Private
5th Virginia Infantry, CSA
~Company I
~enlisted 5/20/1861 for 1 year at Sangerville, VA near Spring Creek
~Present through 4/1862
~AWOL 5/18/1862 – Returned to Spring Creek, Rockingham Co. VA
~Discharged – final statement given 1/26/1863
~Renlisted 9/12/1863
41st  Virginia Cavalry (White's)
~Company B
which became
23rd Virginia Cavalry, CSA
~Company B
~born 1825 at the DeVer Plantation, Spring Creek, VA
~Absent – sick 9/1864

Their father Hugh DeVer, III died in 1863 when the Union Army burned the family home, built in 1830. More than  8000 Union troops were encamped on the farm property in 1863, and they burned it along with several hundred acres of farm land when they left. The home was re-built in 1868 and still sits on the corner of State Routes 613 and 727 just south of Bridgewater in Augusta County. The exact circumstances of Hugh's death are unknown - whether he was killed defending his home or simply died of natural causes remains a mystery.


10th Virginia Infantry Flag

Gilbert DeVer I
father of
William DeVer
father of
Hugh E. DeVer
father of
William E. DeVer
father of
Allen DeVer, Sr.
father of

Erwin Cyrus Devier
father of

Gilbert DeVer I
father of
William DeVer
father of
Hugh E. DeVer
father of
John DeVer
father of
John DeVer
father of

Allen A DeVer - Private
31st VA Infantry
, CSA
~Company E - conscript at Camp Lee
~Highland County Highlanders
~enrolled January 24, 1864 near Monterey, VA by Lt. Carpenter
~born 1845 in McDowell, Highland County VA (now WVA)
~Captured March 25, 1865 at Petersburg
~sent to Point Lookout March 28, 1865
~Paroled June 11, 1865
~Description given at parole on the Oath of Allegiance: Place of residence - Highland Co. VA, light complexion, brown hair, hazel eyes, 5 feet 8 inches tall

Reuben K. DeVer - Private/Sergeant
31st Virginia Infantry, CSA
~Company E - Captain Hull
~Highland County Highlanders
~enlisted 5/28/1861at Monterey, VA (now WVA)
~appointed Sergeant August 15, 1862
~born 1842 in McDowell, Highland County, VA (now WVA)
~absent but accounted for - wounded June 20, 1864 at Petersburg

~Surrendered at Appomattox Court House
4/9/1865

**Reuben was one of 57 out of the 850 original men still in the ranks at Lee's surrender. Only 22 still had weapons.


Flag of the 31st Virginia Infantry.

Prisoners taking the Oath of Allegiance at Point Lookout

Martin DeVer - Private
162nd Virginia Militia, CSA
~Company C - Captain James M. Terry's Co.
~enlisted August 1, 1861
~Transfer to
25th Virginia Infantry, CSA
~Company F (2nd)
~enlisted March 30, 1862
~born 2/13/1837 in Bath County, VA
~AWOL 8/16/1862 NFR

Jasper Newton DeVer - Private
31st Virginia Infantry, CSA
~Company E - Captain Hull

~Highland County Highlanders
~enlisted 5/11/1861 for 3 years at Monterey, VA
~born Mary 7, 1835 in Bath County, VA
~9/1862 – listed on regimental returns as a prisoner
~captured at Laurel Hill Retreat
~11/1862 – listed on regimental returns as a prisoner
~Exchanged and transferred to
18th Virginia Cavalry, CSA
~Company G - Captain William D, Ervin
~Colonel George Imboden
~mustered in 2/21/1863 at Williamsville
~Captured November 1864
~Paroled May 20, 1865 at Staunton, VA
~Description given: light complexion, light hair, blue eyes, 5 feet 9 inches - age listed as 30 years

Samuel G. DeVer - Corporal
20th Virginia Cavalry, CSA
~Company C - Captain E. Hutton's Co.
~enlisted June 25, 1863 - Highland County, VA
~ born September 1, 1844 in Bath County, VA
~wounded at Shepherdstown Millgap
~Paroled at Staunton May 24, 1865 - age listed at 20 years

Hugh P. DeVer - Private
31st Virginia Infantry
~Company I - Capt. Alfred H. Jackson
~enlisted March 17, 1862 at Alleghany Co. VA
~born August 5, 1828 Bath County, VA  for 3 years
~absent August - October 1862 sick
~absent June 1864 - August 1864 sick

Martin, Jasper, Hugh and Samuel's father

John DeVer - Private
31st Virginia Infantry
~Company B (2nd) - Captain Robert Bradshaw
~The Highlanders
~enlisted @ May 1861in Monterey, VA
~Born 1799 in Rockingham County, VA
~
AWOL 7/1862 – placed on regimental returns list
~8/1862 – dropped from rolls as deserter

John is actually buried in the Houlihan Family Cemetery, Monterey, Highland County VA - the tombstone inscription reads "Company B, 31st Infantry, VA - CSA" - his death date is given as 1861 which of course explain why he was listed as AWOL in 1862. 

Gilbert DeVer I
father of
Gilbert DeVer II
father of
Gilbert DeVer III
father of
James DeVer
father of
Robert DeVer
father of

James DeVer
father of
Gilbert DeVer I
father of
Gilbert DeVer II
father of
Gilbert DeVer III
father of
James DeVer
father of
Robert DeVer
father of

Thomas DeVer
father of
Warner Washington DeVer - Private
6th West Virginia Cavalry, USA (formerly 3rd WVA Infantry)
~Company A
~enlisted 6/22/1861 at age 21
~re-enlisted as a veteran volunteer in Washington D.C. - 1/22/1864
~transferred to Company A by consolidation
~born 1840 in Virginia

William H. DeVer - Private
6th West Virginia Cavalry, USA (formerly 3rd WVA Infantry)
~Company A
~enlisted 10/24/1863 at age 29
~transferred to Company A by consolidation
~born 9/11/1834 in Virginia

West Virginia Flag

Benjamin Franklin DeVer - Private
9th Virginia Reserves, CSA
~Company A - Hansborough's Batallion
~Attached to the the 25th Infantry under Jackson
~Letcher Guards
~enlisted May 13, 1861 at Fetterman, VA
~born April 29, 1841 - in Wickwire, Taylor County, VA (now WVA)
~captured at Gettysburg, July 3, 1863 (with Pickett's Brigade under Armistead)
~Sent to Fort Delaware - July 12, 1863
~Paroled at Point Lookout, MD February 18, 1865
~Admitted to Wayside Hospital (No. 9) in Richmond 2/27/65
~Arrested April 2, 1965
~Confined in Atheneum Prison, Wheeling, WVA
~Oath administered at Clarksburg, WVA
~released on the word of his cousins Warner & William DeVer

Thomas Mason DeVer - Private
1st Regiment, Virginia Partisan Rangers
~Company C (1st)
~Became 2nd Co. E - 62nd Mounted Infantry
~Letcher Guards
~enlisted August 26, 1862 Pocohantas County, VA
~born May 29, 1836 in Wickwire, Taylor County, VA (now WVA)
~Deserted from Camp Lee November 2, 1862

John DeVer (brother of Gilbert DeVer I)
father of
Richard DeVer
father of
Richard DeVer
father of
James DeVer
father of
Joshua DeVer
father of

Joshua Lawton DeVer
father of

Gilbert DeVer I
father of
Gilbert DeVer II
father of
Gilbert DeVer III
father of
Gilbert DeVer IV
father of
Gilbert DeVer V
father of

Orlando DeVer
father of
Theodore Adkin DeVer  - Private
25th Virginia Infantry, CSA (Heck's Regiment)
~Company D (2nd) & Company H
~Augusta-Lee Rifles & Hardy Blues
~enlisted October 25, 1864 at Lexington, VA
~born December 20, 1825 in Charles Town, VA (now WVA)~Surrendered April 9, 1865 at Appomattox Court House

Theodore was only one of 14 men left in this regiment to surrender at the end of the war.

Thomas Henry DeVer - Private
27th Virginia Infantry, CSA
~Company H (2nd)
~Heck's Regiment
~enlisted July 31, 1861 at Lexington, VA
~assigned as Company B, 5th VA Infantry
~transferred to 4th VA Infantry on 7/31/1861
~became the 27th Infantry in August 1861
~discharged August 7, 1861 by order of Governor John Letcher

Hat plate worn by a member of the 17th Virginia Infantry

Ira DeVer - Private/Sergeant/Color Bearer
17th Virginia Infantry, CSA
~Company H - Major Arthur Herbert
~Old Dominion Rifles
~enlisted April 16, 1861 at Alexandria, VA for one year
~born 1829 in Fairfax County, Virginia
~mustered into service May 28, 1861 at Manassas, VA

~
Wounded. at Manassas, August 1861
~August 1863 - on furlough
~Prom. to Sgt. Acting Orderly Sgt. to Co. G pro tem, June 30, 1864
~Color bearer at Five Forks - April 1, 1865
~Captured April 16, 1865
~Sent to Old Capital Prison April 19, 1865
~Paroled at Alexandria, April 27,1865
~Sent to Colonel Wells April 29, 1865
~Took Amnesty Oath, May 29, 1865
~Description given on amnesty papers: Dark complexion, brown hair, hazel eyes, 6 feet 1 inch tall.

Of 745 men fit for duty in 1861 Ira was one of only 49 remaining in 1865.

Barney DeVer  - Private
17th Virginia Infantry

~Company H - Major Arthur Herbert
~Old Dominion Rifles
~
enlisted on September 13, 1861 for one year at Fairfax County, VA ~transferred to 7th VA Cavalry
~In Chimborazo hospital Richmond with measles April 5, 1862
~transferred to hospital at Farmville
~Present May 1862 – through Dec 1964
~name sent to Department of Conscription 3/1865 reported as AWOL


1 - National Archives – Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers who served in Organizations from the State of Virginia
2 -
Men of Mark of Rockingham County
3 -
The 7th VA Cavalry by Richard Armstrong
4 -
Rockingham County Census 1850-1860-1870
5 -
The knowledge of my father Christopher D. DeVier and his two elder brothers, Clinton M. DeVier and Charles W. DeVier, Jr.
6 - Col. D.H. Lee Martz Muster Roles
7 - 1912 History of Rockingham County by John Wayland
8 - LIfe Under Four Flags by C.E.May
9 - The DeVer and Related Families
10 - Virginia Regimental Histories Series (17th VA Inf.,18th VA Cav., 23rd VA Cav., 7th VA Cav., 31st VA Inf.)
11 - Houlihan Family Cemetery Records, Monterey, Highland Co. VA
12 - Woodbine Cemetery Records, Harrisonburg, Rockingham Co., VA
13 - Greenhill Methodist Cemetery Records, Mill Gap, Highland County, VA
14 - West Virginia State Archives - 6th WVA Cavalry Muster Rolls